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天长:千秋福地,地久天长

2020-04-08 16:23:29 来源:   编辑:张倩莹   
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 这里是长江之滨,大湖之畔;这里是大唐福地,是名曲《茉莉花》创作者的故乡;这里是中国天长。

       千秋福地,地久天长。

       Tianchang in China is a land on the bank of a big lake and near the Yangtze River, a prosperous place in the Tang Dynasty and the hometown of the composer of the famous song “Jasmine Flower”.

       Tianchang is a blessed land with a history of over one thousand years.
 

“天长才能地久” 

 “Tianchang means everlasting”

       世界名曲、中国民歌《茉莉花》的故乡。

       好一朵茉莉花,好一朵茉莉花,满园花草香也香不过它……从 1997 年开始,带着乡土气息的茉莉花“飘香”世界。香港回归、澳门回归、北京奥运会颁奖背景音乐……人们一遍遍重温这首由天长人何仿根据家乡民间小调《鲜花调》创作的歌曲―― 《茉莉花》。


天长“虹桥”/ “Rainbow Bridge”of Tianchang

       早在春秋战国时期,此地就有建制,大汉封疆,天长隶属广陵郡。

       公元 742 年,唐玄宗李隆基采纳大臣们的建议,将自己的生日这一天定为“千秋节”,并从天下最富庶的江都、六合、高邮各划一块地,设立千秋县,寄予一代帝王千秋万代之梦想。6 年后,又有大臣提议,千秋万代难比日月同辉,建议把“千秋节”改为“天长节”,唐玄宗采纳了这个建议,随即将千秋县为天长县,这个名字一直延续到今天。

       1993 年,天长撤县建市;2017 年,天长创成全国文明城市。

       During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period,Tianchang was already an administration unit, which successively belonged to the Wu, the Yue, and the Chu states. Tianchang was officially made a county in 742. The story goes like this: to celebrate the birthday of Emperor Li Longji of the Tang Dynasty, the fifth day of lunar August was officially designated as Qianqiu Festival in 729. In the first year of Tianbao (742), a county was established after the name of the festival with the land allocated from Jiangdu, Liuhe, and Gaoyou. Seven years later, the name of the festival was changed into Tianchang. Subsequently, the name of the county was also changed into Tianchang.

       Folklore offers another store: to make Emperor Li Longji happy at the festival, ministers tried to find a good place and named it Qianqiu as a birthday gift to the emperor. Tianchang was the place they finally found.

       As for why Qianqiu was changed into Tianchang? The folklore explains:one year when celebrating the birthday of the emperor on the festival,some ministers put forward that “Qianqiu (one thousand years) is limited and only Tianchang (everlasting) can be eternal”. According to their proposal, the name of the county was changed in Tianchang, which has been used up to now。

 

古镇的红色记忆 

Tianchang has red memories

 

       大唐盛世的历史记忆流传至今,天长的红色故事更值得流传,它们散落在古镇龙岗镇。

       小镇保留着淳朴的民风,古老的街道,没有半点儿现代商业气息的浸透。中国人民抗日军政大学第八分校旧址,就在龙岗镇的古民居群中。

       当年,抗大的下设机构及党、政、军领导都散住在老街民居中。中国人民抗日军政大学第八分校旧址规模较大,有教室、校务部、政治部等共 17 处,房屋 100 余间,现存建筑均为清至民国时期的古建筑。老一辈无产阶级革命家刘少奇、陈毅、粟裕、郑位三、罗炳辉等曾在这里生活战斗过。

       The stories about the prosperous Tang Dynasty have passed down, and the red memories should be also kept long. The pieces of revolutionary stories are scattered in the ancient Longgang Town.

       Longgang Town retains a simple folk way of life and the ancient streets have nothing to do without the modern commercial atmosphere. The site of the eighth branch school of the Chinese People’s Anti-Japanese Military and Political College is among the ancient dwellings of Longgang Town.

       In the old days, the units of the school, leaders of the Party, government,and army lived in the houses of the old street. The former site of the school was fairly large with more than 100 rooms in 17 units including a school affairs department, a political department, and classrooms. The preserved existing buildings are all ancient ones from the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China. Liu Shaoqi, Chen Yi, Su Yu, Zheng Weisan, Luo Binghui and some other proletarian revolutionaries of the older generation once lived and fought here.

 

安徽东向发展战略的桥头堡

Tianchang is the bridgehead for Anhui's Eastward Development Strategy

       天长厚植江南文化基因,兼备区位优势。打开地图,天长像一颗珍珠镶嵌在江苏腹地,有三面被江苏环绕。



沃野千里美如画 / Picturesque fertile land

高邮湖捕鱼 / Catching fish in Gaoyou Lake

 

       天长地处华东腹地,南临长江,北枕淮河,东临高邮湖,西傍京沪铁路,是长三角经济圈成员城市,也是安徽东向发展的战略要地和桥头堡。

       天长是一块跳板,连接着东部沿海与内陆中部;长深高速公路、宿扬高速公路、宁连一级公路贯穿境内,距南京禄口国际机场 140 公里,距南京六合马鞍机场 57.5 公里;水路经高邮湖直达沿江、沿海各大港口,距南京主要港口新生圩港109公里,距龙潭港 100 公里。宁天城际,以及即将开工建设的滁天高速、宁淮高铁进一步拉近了天长与长三角地区的距离。

       这样的区位优势,加上天长人的创新、勤劳的禀赋,让这里必然成为一块福地。

       By virtue of its superior geographic advantages, Tianchang has become a leader of the county economy in Anhui. With an open map, you can see that the county protrudes itself into Jiangsu and is surrounded by the land of the province on three sides.

       Located in the hinterland of East China, overlooking the Yangtze River in the south,neighboring the Huaihe River in the north, bordering Gaoyou Lake in the east and near Beijing-Shanghai Railway in the west, Tianchang is a member city of the Yangtze River Delta Economic Circle, an important satellite city of Nanjing Metropolitan Area, a bridgehead for Anhui's Eastward Development Strategy and an important processing and production base in the Yangtze River Delta Economic Region.

       Tianchang serves as a gangplank connecting the eastern coastal regions and the central inland area: Changchun-Shenzhen Expressway, Suzhou-Yangzhou Expressway, and Nanjing-Lianyungang highway (Grade 1) run through the county-level city; Nanjing Lukou International Airport is 140 kilometers away and the Luhe-based Nanjing Ma'an International Airport is 57.5 kilometers away; the waterway leads through Gaoyou Lake to major ports along the Yangtze River and along the seacoast; it is 109 kilometers away from Nanjing Xinshengwei Port and 100 kilometers away from Longtan Port. Nanjing-Tianchang intercity rail, as well as Xuzhou-Tianchang Expressway and Nanjing-Huaian high-speed rail link now under construction will further shorten the distance from Tianchang to the Yangtze River Delta.

       With such geographical advantages, plus gifted innovation ability and diligence of the local people, Tianchang will surely remain a blessed and prosperous land。

天长制造 

Tianchang is pride of its products

       天长是安徽民营经济首发之地,仪表电缆、电子元器件、长毛绒玩具三大当家产品开创了天长制造的基础。



秦轩汽车科技(天长)有限公司技术人员正在检修自动化机械臂
Technicians maintaining an automatic mechanical arm, Qin Xuan Automotive Technology (Tianchang) Co., Ltd.

       改革开放,大潮迭起,身为“安徽东大门”的天长,乘风破浪,勇立潮头,对内培育,对外招引,民营经济红红火火,被誉为“安徽的温州模式”。仪表电缆产品行销全国各省区市,遥控器产品销售份额占全球 30%,电动车充电器销售份额占全国二级市场 90%,毛绒玩具出口全球 100 多个国家和地区……

铜城镇徽宁电缆厂/ Huining Cable Factory in Tongcheng Town 

 

       天长已形成仪表电缆、装备制造、家电及元器件、玩具服装、健康食品、新型生物医药、新能源等七个工业板块,拥有 10个产业集群镇。全市规模企业突破 500 家,战略性新兴企业达95 家,制造业综合实力位列安徽县级第二,连续多年被评为全国科学发展百强县。

       Tianchang is the cradle of the private economy of Anhui and its manufacturing is developed on the foundation laid by its instrument cable, electronic components, and plush toy industries.

       While the tides of reform and opening up keep surging, Tianchang, the east gate of Anhui, rides the wind and breaks the waves. Thanks to the measures taken to foster local industries and improve business promotion to the rest of the country, its private economy has boomed rapidly and is dubbed as “Anhui’s Wenzhou model”. The instrument cable products are sold to all provinces, regions, and cities in China, the sales share of remote control products accounts for 30 percent of the global market, the sales share of electric vehicle chargers accounts for 90 percent of the national secondary market,and the plush toys are exported to more than 100 countries and regions in the world.

       Tianchang has now seven industrial sectors, including instrument cable, equipment manufacturing, home appliances and components,toys and clothing, health food, new biomedicine,and new energy. It has 10 towns featuring industrial clustering, more than 500 above-scale enterprises,

and 95 strategic emerging enterprises. It ranks second among the counties in Anhui in terms of the comprehensive strength of its manufacturing industry and has been rated as one of the top 100 counties for scientific development for many years.

 

孝子之乡  

Tianchang is known for the filial son

 

       天长被誉为“中国孝子之乡”,“二十四孝”中的朱寿昌寻母事件,就是发生在天长。

       朱寿昌,字康叔,宋天长秦栏里( 今秦栏镇 ) 人,父亲朱巽是宋仁宗年间工部侍郎,母刘氏是朱巽之妾。朱寿昌幼时,刘氏被朱巽遗弃,母子从此分离 50 年。

 


天长红草湖公园南园中的“孝园”
Xiaoyuan Garden in the southern section of Tianchang Hongcaohu Park

 

       朱寿昌长大后,出而为官,仕途顺利,然而对母亲的思念之心萦萦于怀,“饮食罕御酒肉,言辄流涕”,四方打听均无音讯。传说他母亲流落陕西一带,嫁为民妻,他刺血书写《金刚经》,辞去官职,千里迢迢,往陕甘一带寻母,并与家人说:“不见母,吾不返矣。”精诚所至,朱寿昌终于在同州找到了母亲。此时老母已70 有余,朱寿昌也年过半百了。刘氏离开朱家以后,改嫁党氏,又有子女数人,寿昌视他们如亲弟妹,全部接回家中供养。有人将朱寿昌弃官寻母之事上奏宋神宗赵顼,朱得以恢复官职。苏轼、王安石曾有诗文赞美朱寿昌事件,“辞官寻母”名传天下。

       朱寿昌与苏轼更为相熟,苏轼因“乌台诗案”被贬至黄州,艰难穷困。当时朱寿昌为鄂州太守,与黄州隔江相望,时常送去酒食;苏轼也常为朱寿昌写诗填词。在《苏东坡全集》中,可查到的苏轼致朱寿昌的信有二十一封、诗八首、词二首,有关朱寿昌的文二篇。其中《满江红·寄鄂州朱使君寿昌》一首,最为传诵。

《满江红·寄鄂州朱使君寿昌》

江汉西来,高楼下、蒲萄深碧。犹自带,岷峨雪浪,锦江春色。

君是南山遗爱守,我为剑外思归客。对此间、风物岂无情,殷勤说。

《江表传》,君休读;狂处士,真堪惜。空洲对鹦鹉,苇花萧瑟。

不独笑书生争底事,曹公黄祖俱飘忽。愿使君、还赋谪仙诗,追黄鹤。

       除了孝文化,天长还以地方传统工艺美术品天官画为一绝,古话说:皖北有三绝―― 凤阳凤画、天长天官、灵璧灵判。“天官画”是指以皇帝、传说中的神仙、历史名人等为主题的画作,起源于17 世纪 60 年代,距今已有 340 多年历史。

       目前,“天官画”已成功入选省、市、县三级非遗名录,对于中国传统民间绘画艺术研究具有重要的参考价值。

       这些流传至今的故事和民俗,这些千年之前曾生活在这片土地上的人和事,跟这个小城息息相关,与小城的命运紧紧相连,将延续至永久。

       The story of Zhu Shouchang looking for his mother in the “twenty-four stories of filial sons” happened exactly in Tianchang.

       Zhu Shouchang was born in Tianchang in the Song Dynasty. His father Zhu Xun, an assistant minister at that time “discarded” his mother Liu when he was young. Ever since then the mother and the son had never seen each other for 50 years.

       When grew up, Zhu Shouchang stepped into officialdom successfully,yet his yearning for his mother lingered in his mind. When he heard his mother was living in Shaanxi and married a civilian, he used his own blood to copy the Vajra Sutra and resigned to look for his mother. He bid farewell to his family members and started a thousand-mile journey for his mother, saying he would never return without his mother. Luckily, Zhu finally found his mother in Tongzhou. At this time, his mother was over 70 and Zhu was over 50. Zhu regarded the children of his mother after remarriage as his own brothers and sisters and took all of them home to support.

       Someone reported the story to Emperor Zhao Xu, who restored Zhu’s official position. Both Su Shi and Wang Anshi wrote poems to praise him.

       Zhu Shouchang knew Su Shi quite well. When Su was poor after he was demoted, Zhu often sent food and drinks to him when he was the prefecture chief of Ezhou at that time. Su Shi also wrote poems and lyrics for Zhu to express his gratitude. In the complete works of Su Dongpo, you can find 21 letters, 8 poems, 2 poems and 2 essays about Zhu Shouchang.

        That is a story happened nearly one thousand years ago and is still on the lips of the local people.

 

本栏目部分图片由张秋生、陈家斌、赵永昌、杨天辉、范柏文、黄洋洋拍摄

本栏目支持单位:天长市委宣传部、天长市融媒体中心

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